Sculpture is every three-dimensional form created for the purpose of artistic expression. Most sculptures have a purely aesthetic goal. When a three-dimensional object has an artistic and functional aspect, we can call it a sculpture only if the artistic aspect is predominant. When the functional and artistic aspects are balanced, we call it a functional sculpture.
Some typical forms of sculpture are:
– bust (bust) view of the person from the chest upwards
– a horseman showing a person on a horse (usually kings or military leaders are shown so)
– The fountain, apart from the aesthetic, has a functional purpose
– mobile sculpture
Sculptures or plastics, sculpture or sculpture, branch of fine arts, artistic expression to three-dimensional forms and bodies. Most sculptures have a purely aesthetic goal. When a three-dimensional object has an artistic and functional aspect, we can call it a sculpture only if the artistic aspect is predominant. When functional and artistic aspects are balanced, we call it a functional sculpture.
Some theoreticians of art, strictly distinguish terms of sculptures and plastics. In the case of sculpture, it is practically a matter of stripping material from the surface of an artwork, for example, stone in carving, and in plastic it is about modeling the material, for example, clay. This meaning of the term already implies their etymology.
Unlike the image that has only two dimensions (height and width), the statue also has a third – depth; sculptural work can be felt, measured and even “read” by touch of the hand, i.e. tactile – feel. Therefore, we look at a sculptural work differently than an image. To see it in its entirety, it must be seen from all sides. Unlike an image with only one composition, sculptural work contains as many compositions as there are viewing angles (each shift of viewing point changes the proportion of sculpture parts to the whole).
Cyprus is an artist who deals with sculpture. Its task is to design (model) the material with which it operates, such as clay, stone, etc. Sculpture is an art of three dimensionality, therefore it is called spatial-plastic design. What shapes the sculptor will make depends on the material that can be flexible and stretchable – such as clay, plastelin, wax, which allow the form to be added and subtracted, for example, wood, stone or ivory, due to the stiffness of the material, allow only seizure.